Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Age of Enlightenment': Authority Legitimacy Rationalism Western philosophy Constitution of May 3, 1791 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen United States Bill of Rights United States Declaration of Independence English language Germans Answering the Question: What Is Enlightenment? Immanuel Kant Counter-Enlightenment 17th century philosophy Discourse on the Method René Descartes Glorious Revolution Isaac Newton Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica French Revolution Napoleonic Wars Peter Gay Democracy Political freedom Reason Capitalism Market mechanism Scientific method Toleration Philosophe Liberalism Neoclassicism Jürgen Habermas Industrial Revolution Animal magnetism Académie française Royal Society Experimental philosophy Robert Boyle Tatler The Spectator Malesherbes Lingua franca Pierre Bayle Denis Diderot Voltaire Jean le Rond d'Alembert Louis-Sébastien Mercier Penny University Camille Desmoulins