Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Caliphate': Arabic language Government Muhammad Rashidun Ummah Welfare state Sovereign state Caliph Election Muslim Shura Sunni Islam Ahl al-Bayt Imam Shia Islam Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate Fatimid Caliphate Ottoman Dynasty Amir al-Mu'minin Head of state Medina Muslim history Abu Bakr Umar Uthman ibn Affan Al-Andalus Egypt North Africa Ottoman Empire Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Turkey Demographics of Morocco List of rulers of Morocco Aceh Bangladesh Indonesia Malaysia Consensus Majlis First Fitna Emir Emirate Sultan Wilayah Wāli Syria Dynasty Inherit Christian
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