Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Caloric theory': Heat Superseded scientific theories Theory of heat Combustion History of thermodynamics Georg Ernst Stahl J. J. Becher Phlogiston theory Antoine Lavoisier Oxygen Calorimeter Pierre Prévost Conservation law Joseph Black Kinetic theory Earth's atmosphere Tea Water Molecule Volume Gas laws Phase transition Thermal radiation Carnot cycle Heat engine Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot Isaac Newton Pierre-Simon Laplace Gas Heat capacity ratio Speed of sound Crystal Solid-state physics Phonon Quantization Wave–particle duality Photon Spectroscopy Vibration An Experimental Enquiry Concerning the Source of the Heat which is Excited by Friction Benjamin Thompson Cannon Manufacturing Boring (manufacturing) James Prescott Joule Conservation of energy Rudolf Clausius Kinetic energy Thermodynamics Laplace's equation