Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Colchester': Colchester (borough) England Essex List of towns and cities in England by population Oldest town in Britain London Market town United Kingdom A12 road (England) Great Eastern Main Line Pliny the Elder Camulus Celts Roman conquest of Britain Boudica Britannia Temple of Claudius, Colchester Colonia (Roman) 8th century Nennius Anglo-Saxons Mortimer Wheeler St Albans 5th century 11th century 9th century Colchester Castle East Anglia Edward the Elder Roman temple Viking Augustinians Benedictine Priory Saint Botolph St. Botolph's Priory St. John's Abbey, Colchester Dover Richard I of England Royal charter Flanders Weaver Tudor dynasty Cavalier George Goring, 1st Earl of Norwich Second English Civil War Henry Ireton Roundhead Siege of Colchester Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron