Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Dignitatis Humanae': Second Vatican Council 1965 December 7 Christendom Age of Enlightenment Nation state Protestant Reformation French Revolution Papal States Revolutions of 1848 Pope Pius IX Americanism (heresy) Pope Leo XIII Testem Benevolentiae Nostrae Concordat Spain under Franco Toleration Roman Catholicism in the United States Nativism Secularism Relativism Alfredo Ottaviani Augustin Bea Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity Liturgy Ecumenism January 13 Francis Spellman Peritus November 11 November 12 Francis X. Murphy Egidio Vagnozzi September 23 September 25 November 19 November 9 September 15 September 21 September 20 October 25 Prelate Marcel Lefebvre Italy United Kingdom United States Aggiornamento John Courtney Murray Gregory Baum Latitudinarian