Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Duchy of Florence': Florence Italy Tuscany Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence Hereditary monarchy Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino Papal States Pope Clement VII Republic of Florence House of Medici Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Battle of Marciano Siena List of rulers of Tuscany Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor War of the League of Cognac Lorenzo de' Medici Pazzi Ippolito de' Medici Margaret of Parma Lorenzino de' Medici Philip II of Spain Elba Republic of Genoa Livorno Palazzo Pitti Giorgio Vasari Uffizi Highness Pope Pius V Siege of Florence (1529–1530) Gonfaloniere Grand Duchy of Tuscany List of Tuscan consorts Historical states of Italy Galileo Galilei