Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Expected value': Lebesgue integration Measure (mathematics) Probability theory Random variable Statistics Weight function Probability density function Almost surely Law of large numbers Sample mean and sample covariance Expectation Cauchy distribution Indicator function Frequency (statistics) Antoine Gombaud Blaise Pascal Dice Gambling Roulette Probability space Probability distribution Discrete probability distribution Probability mass function Cumulative distribution function Degenerate distribution Inner product space Integration by parts Real number Riemann–Stieltjes integral Geometric distribution Conditional expectation Independence (probability theory) Linear map Law of total expectation Uncorrelated Correlation Covariance Commutativity Function (mathematics) Jensen's inequality Central moment Moment (mathematics) Arithmetic mean Estimation Bias of an estimator Errors and residuals in statistics Estimator Sample (statistics) Sample size Variance