Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Independent film': Feature film Major film studio Art film Limited Motion Picture Patents Company Trust (19th century) Biograph Studios Eastman Kodak Edison Studios Essanay Studios Georges Méliès Kalem Company Lubin Studios Pathé Selig Polyscope Company Vitagraph Studios Film stock Patent Thomas Edison Lawsuit Hollywood, Los Angeles, California New Jersey Supreme Court of the United States Classical Hollywood cinema De facto Southern California Studio system American Mutoscope and Biograph Company Blanche Sweet D. W. Griffith Lillian Gish Lionel Barrymore Mary Pickford Los Angeles California In Old California (1910 film) Jew Nickelodeon (movie theater) Adolph Zukor Carl Laemmle Louis B. Mayer Samuel Goldwyn Warner Bros. Movie studio Cinema of the United States Pecking order Columbia Pictures Universal Studios Poverty Row Charlie Chaplin