Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Integrated circuit': Electronic circuit Electronics Passivity (engineering) Semiconductor Semiconductor device Wafer (electronics) Hybrid integrated circuit Semiconductor device fabrication Vacuum tube Electronic component Transistor Mass production Discrete circuit Photolithography 1952 Geoffrey Dummer May 7 Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom) Royal Radar Establishment Washington, D.C. Fairchild Semiconductor Jack Kilby Robert Noyce Texas Instruments Germanium Silicon Amplifier Siemens Hearing aid Kurt Lehovec P-n junction isolation Loewe 3NF Philips Plessey Apollo Guidance Computer Apollo program LGM-30 Minuteman Frequency modulation Television Very-large-scale integration International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors Electronic design automation CMOS Carver Mead Lynn Conway Random-access memory Wafer-scale integration System-on-a-chip Three-dimensional integrated circuit Computer