Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Istanbul': Byzantium Constantinople List of cities proper by population Names of Istanbul Turkey Megacity Istanbul Province Bosphorus Golden Horn Anatolia Asia Continent Europe Thrace Latin Empire Ottoman Empire Roman Empire European Capital of Culture UNESCO World Heritage Site 1932 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Turkish language Sea of Marmara Dotted and dotless I Turkish alphabet Byzas City-state Dorians Megara Constantine I Constantius II Theodosius II List of cities claimed to be built on seven hills List of peninsulas Mosque Minaret Middle Ages Mail 7th millennium BC Istanbul Metro Marmaray Neolithic Colonization Copper Age Chalcedon Kadıköy Phoenicia 660s BC 680s BC