Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Kemalist ideology': Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Turkish National Movement Age of Enlightenment Atatürk's Reforms Democracy Modern history Nation state Positivism Rationalism Secularism Pragmatism Realism in International relations Reformism Ottoman Dynasty Republicanism Constitutional republic President Prime minister Representative democracy Republic Separation of powers Constitution Legislature Unitary state Central government Government Political power Populism Swiss civil code France Laïcité Second Constitutional Era (Ottoman Empire) Tanzimat Countercoup (1909) Arab Revolt Agnosticism Nihilism Liberal movements within Islam Political aspects of Islam Islam in Turkey Naqshbandi Sufism 1924 Caliphate March 3 Ottoman Caliphate 1937 February 5 Istanbul