Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Operation Torch': French colonial empire North African Campaign United Kingdom United States World War II Europe Front (military) Nazi Germany Red Army Soviet Union Operation Sledgehammer Axis powers Mediterranean Sea Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States Winston Churchill Algeria Allies of World War II Morocco Tunisia Vichy France Dewoitine D.520 Casablanca Algiers Consul Robert Daniel Murphy Attack on Mers-el-Kébir Dwight D. Eisenhower General officer Gibraltar Admiral Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Bertram Ramsay Vice Admiral Cherchell HMS Seraph (P219) Major General Mark W. Clark Henri Giraud Oran George S. Patton Henry Kent Hewitt Rear admiral 2nd Armored Division (United States) 3rd Infantry Division (United States) 9th Infantry Division (United States) Division (military) Infantry UG convoys 1st Armored Division (United States)