Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Optical pumping': Atom Electron Energy level Light Molecule Active laser medium Laser construction Laser pumping Population inversion Alfred Kastler Nobel Prize in Physics Quantum state Coherence (physics) Electron shell Hyperfine structure Laser Polarization Selection rule Excited state Frequency Radiation trapping Spectral linewidth Electromagnetic radiation Isotope Radio frequency Rubidium Spectralon Caesium hydride Energy transfer upconversion Sisyphus cooling Quantum coupling Mercury laser Laser Mégajoule Electromagnetically induced grating Gordon Gould Ruby laser Solid-state laser Trapped ion quantum computer Pumping National Ignition Facility Doppler cooling Atomic line filter Optical fiber
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