Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Papal States': Historical states of Italy Kingdom of Sardinia Lazio Marche Pope Romagna Umbria Temporal power Personal union Vatican City Holy See Sovereignty Christian Church Ancient Rome Churches of Rome Titulus (Roman Catholic) Constantine I Lateran Palace Italy Odoacer Ostrogoths Constantinople Lombards Exarchate of Ravenna Ravenna Excommunication Leo III the Isaurian Pope Gregory II Bribery Diplomacy Donation of Sutri Liutprand, King of the Lombards Exarch Francia Pepin the Short Pope Stephen II Childeric III Merovingian dynasty Pope Zachary Saint Boniface Patrician (post-Roman Europe) Donation of Pepin Charlemagne Corsica Duchy of Benevento Lombardy Pentapolis Tuscany Pope Leo III Saeculum obscurum