Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Pierre de Fermat': Calculus France Lawyer List of amateur mathematicians Mathematician Parlement Toulouse Differential calculus Number theory Ordinate Analytic geometry Optics Probability Arithmetica Diophantus Fermat's Last Theorem Beaumont-de-Lomagne University of Toulouse Apollonius of Perga Maxima and minima Franciscus Vieta René Descartes Blaise Pascal Anders Hald New algebra Geometric series Fundamental theorem of calculus Gottfried Leibniz Isaac Newton Amicable number Fermat number Pell's equation Perfect number Fermat's little theorem Fermat polygonal number theorem Fermat's factorization method Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares Infinite descent Lagrange's four-square theorem Pentagonal number Triangular number Carl Friedrich Gauss Diophantine equation Empty set Problem of points Dice Gambling Fermat's principle Hero of Alexandria History of variational principles in physics