Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Venezuela (first republic)': 1810 1812 April 19 July 25 Spanish language Venezuelan War of Independence Juan Domingo de Monteverde Junta (Peninsular War) Spanish colonization of the Americas Napoleonic Wars Charles IV of Spain Ferdinand VII of Spain Joseph Bonaparte Peninsular War Battle of Bailén Cádiz Cortes April 18 Cabildo (council) Maundy Thursday Vicente Emparán Francisco de Miranda Triumvirate 1806 Jacobin Club 1811 July 5 Confederation December 21 Juan Germán Roscio Bicameralism United Provinces of New Granada Coro Guayana Region Maracaibo Captaincy General of Venezuela Criollo people Cocoa Fiat money 1812 Caracas earthquake March 26 Divine Providence July 4 Spanish Navy Marines Valencia, Carabobo Generalissimo State of emergency Capitulation (surrender) August 1 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence Cartagena Manifesto
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