Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Walter Houser Brattain': Bell Labs John Bardeen Transistor United States William Shockley Nobel Prize in Physics Surface states Springfield, Oregon Washington Xiamen Walla Walla, Washington Whitman College University of Oregon University of Minnesota National Institute of Standards and Technology Washington, D.C. Tungsten World War II Columbia University Semiconductor Amplifier Germanium Silicon 1956 in science List of University of Minnesota people Point-contact transistor Morgan Sparks Timeline of scientific experiments Ian Munro Ross John R. Pierce List of physicists Timeline of scientific discoveries 1902 in science Analog-to-Digital Timeline List of inventors List of people from Spokane, Washington Russell Ohl 1987 in science Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Tonasket, Washington 1987 List of University of Oregon people Houser December 16 February 10 JFET October 13 November 17 List of Nobel laureates by country Electrical engineering