Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Wars of Italian Independence': Austrian Empire Italy War Italian unification Military campaign Expedition of the Thousand Giuseppe Garibaldi Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Charles Albert of Sardinia Grand Duchy of Tuscany Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia Milan Venice Vienna Kingdom of Sardinia Papal States Giuseppe Mazzini House of Savoy Independence Pavia Battle of Goito Peschiera del Garda Pope Pius IX Guglielmo Pepe Naples Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies Armistice August 9 Battle of Custoza (1848) Florence Roman Republic (19th century) Cholera Second French Empire Second Italian War of Independence Battle of Magenta Battle of Palestro Battle of Solferino June 21 June 4 May 30 Francis V, Duke of Modena Duchy of Parma Gaeta Veneto Kingdom of Prussia Archduke Albrecht, Duke of Teschen Austro-Prussian War Battle of Custoza (1866) Franco-Prussian War