Example image of eyePlorer eyePlorer map for 'Welfare': Government Non-governmental organization Social insurance Disability Illness Unemployment Veteran Means test Pension Mixed economy Welfare state United States Roman Empire Trajan Pliny the Younger Abbasid Caliphate Al-Mansur Caliph Caliphate Five Pillars of Islam Sharia Zakat Income Jizya Needy Old age Orphan Poverty Tax Treasury Widow Al-Ghazali Disaster Famine High Middle Ages Transfer payment Charity (practice) Europe Industrial Revolution Middle Ages 1601 England English Poor Laws Parish Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Workhouse Chancellor of Germany Germany Otto von Bismarck Clement Attlee